Πρόγραμμα Ιερατικών Σπουδών – Περιγραφή Μαθήματος
Course: Dogmatic I
Course Code: Y74
Teaching Credits: 4
Teaching Hours: 4
Description: The Orthodox faith in the triune God. The notion and the function of dogma concerning the triune God as Monad in Triad and Triad in Monad (Oneness and Trinity). The revelatory function of Logos in the history of His people as source and root of the Church’s faith in the triune God. The close relation between Triadology and Christology. The divinity of Christ and the Holy Spirit. A historical-dogmatic account of the Filioque quarrel. Aspects of the orthodox cosmology and anthropology: The dogma of Creatio ex nihilo and its theological consequences; the creation of humans according to the “image and the likeness of God”; The orthodox understanding of the ancestral sin and its difference from the roman-catholic as well as the protestant one. The Orthodox faith about the Person and the Work of our Lord Jesus Christ. Aspects of the biblical Christology (especially of St. John and Paul). The Christology of the Apologists (2nd – 3rd centuries AD). Patterns of antibiblical christological accounts: Gnosticism and the anti-gnostic answer of the Church Fathers (St. Irenaeus, Hippolytus of Rome). Two ancient Christologies (Antiochian and Alexandrian schools). Nestorius’ heretical teaching about Theotokos Maria and its Christological implications; the Church’s answer: St. Cyril of Alexandria and the third Ecumenical Council in Ephesus (431). Eutyches and his heresy; the Church’s answer: The Definition of Chalcedon (451). The 5th Ecumenical Council and the reaffirming of Church’s commitment to the Cyrillian understanding of Chalcedon (553). The 6th Ecumenical Council and the orthodox doctrine about the two natural wills and the two natural energies of Christ. The Orthodox meaning of the Areopagite term “theandric activity”. The soteriological character of the Christological dogma. The orthodox meaning of Atonement (death and resurrection of Christ). The orthodox understanding of justification, reconciliation and other related terms.