Πρόγραμμα Ιερατικών Σπουδών – Περιγραφή Μαθήματος
Course Code: Y61
Teaching Credits: 5
Teaching Hours: 4
Description: The introduction offers an outline of the Orthodox understanding of the Christian ethics as asceticism and true philosophy in Christ. Then follows a presentation of the main sources of the Orthodox ethics (Holy Scripture, Sacred tradition, ascetical works of the Church Fathers etc.). Orthodox ethics and its difference both from the ethical doctrine of the ancient philosophical schools (mainly Plato and Aristotle) and from the modern philosophy (mainly Enlightenment, Kant, Nietzsche, Marx). The magna carta of the Orthodox Christian Ethics: The Sermon on the Mountain of our Lord Jesus Christ. The meaning of Christ’s commandments and their importance in the process of purification and in shaping the virtues. The close relation between the Christ’s commandments and the Orthodox Dogma. The three phases of the Orthodox life towards the ineffable union with the triune God: Purification (the Orthodox faith, the struggle against sinful passions, the fear of God, repentance etc.), Illumination (the spiritual contemplation of the creatures, the faith based on contemplation, the uninterrupted prayer of the heart, the inner memory of God) and Mystical Theology (Deification). The eschatological character of Christian ethics.