Πρόγραμμα Ιερατικών Σπουδών – Περιγραφή Μαθήματος
Course: History of the Life and Administration of the Church
Course Code: Y41
Teaching Credits: 5
Teaching Hours: 4
Description: This course presents the very sensitive issue of the life and administration of the Church of Greece, the smooth running of which depends partially on the conscious membership of the believers into the Church's institutions, the salvation of the person and social peace. Brief presentations are provided of the historical birth of the Church of Greece, from 50AD, continuing to today's geographical position, which follows the first missionary path of the Apostle Paul during 49/50 AD, including Corinthos as the oldest Bishopric of the Church of Greece. This section also includes the areas that belong to the Ecumenical Patriarchate (Constantinople) and which are inside the geographical area of Greece. A reference is made to the history of how the Church of Greece was under the exarchate and vicarage of Thessaloniki, which was under the indirect supervision of the Bishop of Rome until it became part of the administration of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople (732 AD). Next, the recent history of the Church of Greece is presented, including its participation in Greek Revolution of 1821, and afterwards. This includes the granting by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of the Church's autocephalous status on 29 June, 1850, and the actions for the founding of the Church of Greece, in the Patriarchal Laws of 1866, 1882 and 1928. Of particular importance are the political-national actions of Greece regarding the Church, through its laws and orders. Emphasis is given to the battles given by the Church such that its Holy canons became respected by the government of the country (of Greece) as organisational documents regarding the relations between these two major powers in Greece's public life. Included here is the present legal structure of the Church of Greece, as this was constructed based on the Constitution of Greece of 1975 and the N590/1977 statutes of the Church.